First Degree Burns
|First-degree burns are red and very sensitive to touch, and the skin will appear blanched when light pressure is applied. First-degree burns involve minimal tissue damage and they involve the epidermis (skin surface). These burns affect the outer-layer of skin causing pain, redness and swelling. Sunburn is a good example of a first-degree burn.
- Peeling skin
- Shock (pale, clammy skin, weakness, bluish lips and finger nails)
- White or charred skin
First Aid for Minor Burns: (First-Degree)
- If the skin is not broken, run cool water over the burned area or soak it in a cool water (NOT ICE WATER) bath. Keep the area in the bath for five minutes. If the burn occurred in a cold environment, DO NOT apply water. A clean, cold, wet towel will also help reduce pain.
- Burns can be extremely painful, reassure the victim and keep them calm.
- After flushing or soaking the burn for several minutes, cover the burn with a sterile non-adhesive bandage or clean cloth.
- Protect the burn from friction and pressure.
- Over-the-counter pain medications may be used to help relieve pain; they may also help reduce inflammation and swelling.
- Minor burns will usually heal without further treatment.